Regulation of SP-B and SP-C secretion in rat type II cells in primary culture

Laurice I. Gobran, Seamus A. Rooney
2001 American Journal of Physiology - Lung cellular and Molecular Physiology  
Gobran, Laurice I., and Seamus A. Rooney. Regulation of SP-B and SP-C secretion in rat type II cells in primary culture. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 281: L1413-L1419, 2001.-Secretion of lung surfactant phospholipids is a highly regulated process. A variety of physiological and pharmacological agents stimulate surfactant phospholipid secretion in isolated type II cells. Although the lipid and hydrophobic protein components of surfactant are believed to be secreted together by exocytosis
more » ... lamellar body contents, regulation of surfactant protein (SP) B and SP-C secretion has not previously been examined. To address the question of whether secretion of SP-B and SP-C is stimulated by the same agonists that stimulate phospholipid secretion, we measured secretion of all four SPs under the same conditions used to measure phosphatidylcholine secretion. Freshly isolated rat type II cells were cultured overnight and exposed to known surfactant phospholipid secretagogues for 2.5 h, after which the amounts of SP-A, SP-B, SP-C, and SP-D in the medium were measured with immunoblotting. Secretion of SP-B and SP-C was stimulated three-to fivefold by terbutaline, 5Ј-(N-ethylcarboxyamido)adenosine, ATP, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate, and ionomycin. Similar to their effects on phospholipid secretion, the stimulatory effects of the agonists were abolished by Ro 31-8220. Secretion of SP-A and SP-D was not stimulated by the secretagogues tested. We conclude that secretion of the phospholipid and hydrophobic protein components of surfactant is similarly regulated, whereas secretion of the hydrophilic proteins is regulated differently. surfactant protein; lung surfactant; regulated exocytosis; surfactant secretagogues; P2Y2 agonists; 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol 13-acetate
doi:10.1152/ajplung.2001.281.6.l1413 pmid:11704537 fatcat:slr6ll7tc5fpvc3wl7eprr5cky