MEDICAL AND SURGICAL APPLIANCES
BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)
294 mDWALJOTA 1 NO]TES ON BOOKS [rF,. I'3, T' , THE MASTER OF THOSE WHO KNOW. IT is comforting in these days wlon the aigel of death is abroad and tlle spirit of destruction is sweeping over fair couintries, to read an account of tlle life of a m-ian who gave himself wlholly to constructive work. Suclh a man was Louis Pasteur, of whose labours in the cause of truth and lhumanity an admirable record lhas been written by Mr. STEPHEN PAGET. This volume, Pasteur and After Pa-steutr, is the first of
... tr, is the first of a series of mnedical hiistory miianuals wlich is to be publislied by Messrs. Adamii and Clharles Black under the editorslhip of Dr. COnRIE, of Edinburglh.6 The editor says in hlis introduction: For the most part noteworthy improvements in melcdicine have ariseni out of definiite new discoveries in the physical sciences, have followed upon the development of fresh processes in the arts, or have beeni gained by the labour of outstanding individuals. The present series of me(lical history manuals has for its object to describe some of these discoveries, processes and individuals, anld to trace ill each case the epoch that has resulted. Mr. Paget in this volume outlines tlle life of Pasteur and (describes many means for the preventioni and expulsion of dlisease wlichl have developed out of his work. It is fotunded on tlle well-known life by Vallerv Radot, the sonin-law of the famnouis scientist, and Mr. Paget hopes that hiis little book may be regarded as a signpost pointing to the reader the way to the stuLdy of that fino work. The biography proper occupies but a small part of tlle book, tlle rest being devoted to accounts of Pasteur's achievements in cllemistry, fermiientationi, rabies, and the diseases of silkworms. Excellent summiuaries are given of the results that have followed his discoveries when applied to tuberculosis, diplhtlheria, clholera, plague, and typhoid fever, Malta fever, malaria, and yellow fever, A particularly interesting chapter is tllat on the relations between Pasteur and Lister and the influence of the areat Frenchman's work on that of the founider of modern surgery. The book, whicli is illustrated, is written in a clear and simple style, and gives onie of the best accounts known to us of wlhat milodern medicine owes to the genius of Pasteur and to the science of bacteriology which he created. It further shows the vast possibilities of future developments tlhat lie in Ihis discoveries. There could be no better way of arousilng ani intelligent interest in the aims and methods of scientific maedicine than the study of this book. We commend it to all intending to clter the profession as an excellent intellectual preparation for the work thev will have to do. Even still more strongly do we commend it to tlle ordinary reader as a trustwortlhy exposition of the principles tllat are the foundatioin of sound doctrino in regard to the nature, prevention, and treatmiient of disease. No mind imbued with the teaclhing of Pasteur can ever be misled eitlher by tlle gross pretensions of quackery or tlle more subtle soplhistries that lead so malny clever people ast-ay whlen tlevy dabble in medicine. 6 Pastetir aiul After Pasteur. R illustraftioAns s. 6d. net.) NOTES ON BOOKS. MOTHERCRAFT. TH11E preservationi of infanit life, already a pressing problem before the war, is likely to deimland even mnore an1xious attenItioIn in the near future, when the disastrous results to the nation of the wholesale slaughter of its imianhood are more widely kinown anid realize(l. The instruction of girls in the care an(d upbringing of children is tlherefore of the most vital iniportanlce to the country, and as time goes on there will be imiore and more need for the future mothers of the race to be futlly equipped in every respect for the dluty that lies before themu. Attempts have already been niade in different quarters to ilntroduce lessons in mothercraft into the school curriculum; and Miss FLORENCE HORSPOOL has recently published a very useful handbook called Mllothercraftfor Schoolgirl1s,7 founded on a course of lectures already delivered with signal success to the girls of the elemnentary schools in Swansea. These lectures, which deal with the care of babies from their earliest days, are couched in the simplest language, an(d might well be taken as models of what such lectures slhould be. The book is illustrated with numerous photo-7 Mothtercraft for b'choolqZirs. By F. Rorspool, L.O.S., C.R.S.T. With a preface by Lady Mooid. London: Macmillan and Co. 1914. (Cr. 8vo. pp. 75; illustrated. ls. net.) graphs, and contains a preface by Lady Mond, at whose suggestion it was written. The foundations of good health are laid in earlv ch;.i ! hood, but many mothers do not realize that the cornerstone of these foundations is in large part composed of I lhe food they give to their children durinig the first years of life. Erroneous methods of feeding children are not exclusively confined to the class that sees no good reason why a young baby should not share the family dinner, a,id the most highly educated and conscientious parents are liable to make mistakes, which their children will flild themselves called upon to expiate in later life. Those anixious to learn what a child ought and ouight not to eat will fin(d a guide, philosopher, and frienid in Dr. JOHN LOVETT MORSE, whose booli on the Care and Fccdiny of Children8 forms part of the series knowin as the Harvard Health Talks, besides dietaries suitable for children of varying ages. The volume contains advice as to their clothing, education, and general upbringing, and the treatnment of infantile ailments. Dr. CURGENVEN lhas prepared a second edition of his little book on The Childs Diet,9 which was flrst published some ten years ago. The author was among the first to give attention to a much neglected subject, and it is to be noted that in his preface lie expresses the hope that before lolng measures may be taken by the legislature to ensure that the public are able to get a purer and cleaner miill. The neov edition has been revised and somewhat enlarged, but its plan and purpose remain unaltered. It contaiins chapters on the feeding of infants anld of children, on gastric catarrh (acute and chronic), on mastication, on constipation, in which liquid paraffln (a tablespoonfuil at bedtime for a child of 5) is recommended, and a classiflcation of foods, diet tables at various ages, and a nuimber of recipes. It has been said that the rearing of the first child is always more or less of an experinment, and this must inevitably be the case so long as girls are alloweed to marry knowiing nothing, of -what will probably be their chief care and occulpation during the early years of their marrie(d life. This ignorance, which is to be found amongst educated an(d uneducated mothers alike, has long been recognized as a serious menace to the future prosperity of the race. A series of lectures delivered last autumiin under the auspices of the Natioilal Association for the Prevention of Infant Mortality at the Royal Society of Medicine and the Charing Cross Hospital Medical School has recently appeared in book Lorm, and from Melothercr-aft l the expectant motlher may lnow learn how to avoid the nmistakes which in past years have cost the State so m-naniy valutable lives. The suLbjects dealt with cover a wide range of ground, fromii the safeguiarditig of the baby's liealth before birth to the choice of a layette, and the lectulres are characterized by their practical sense and their intimate knowledge and appreciation of the average motlher's difficulties and ineeds. Thle list of contributors inclu(les Dr. Amand Routlh, Dr. Eric Pritchard, Dr. Daviid Forsytlh, and ma-any others, and the booli vill prove iiivaluable niot onily to the niotlier herself but to the parish nutrse, the health visitor, and to those attached to Infant Welfare Centres. 8Harvardc Healtlh Talks: The Care and Feeditng of Childretn.