Adverse Selection in Insurance Markets [chapter]

Georges Dionne, Neil Doherty, Nathalie Fombaron
2000 Handbook of Insurance  
In this survey we present some of the more signi...cant results in the literature on adverse selection in insurance markets. Sections 1 and 2 introduce the subject and section 3 discusses the monopoly model developed by Stiglitz (1977) for the case of single-period contracts and extended by many authors to the multiperiod case. The introduction of multi-period contracts raises many issues that are discussed in detail : time horizon, discounting, commitment of the parties, contract renegotiation
more » ... and accidents underreporting. Section 4 covers the literature on competitive contracts. The analysis becomes more complicated since insurance companies must take into account competitive pressures when they set incentives contracts. As pointed out by Rothschild and Stiglitz (1976) , there is not necessarily a Cournot-Nash equilibrium in presence of adverse selection. However, market equilibrium can be sustained when principals anticipate competitive reactions to their behaviour or when they adopt strategies that di¤er from the pure Nash strategy. Multi-period contracting is discussed. We show that di¤erent predictions on the evolution of insurer pro...ts over time can be obtained from di¤erent assumptions concerning the sharing of information between insurers about individual's choice of contracts and accidents experience. The roles of commitment and renegotiation between the parties to the contract are important. Section 5 introduces models that consider moral hazard and adverse selection simultaneously and section 6 treats adverse selection when people can choose their risk status. Section 7 discusses many extensions to the basic models such as risk categorization, di¤erent risk aversion, symmetric imperfect information, multiple risks, principals more informed than agents and uberrima ...des.
doi:10.1007/978-94-010-0642-2_7 fatcat:u6bwfo7apzbizh2kjh7rmbrahi