Road traffic noise from viaducts in mountainous areas

Jérôme Defrance, Matthieu Beyret, Marine Baulac, Philippe A. Jean
2008 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Acoustics 08 Paris 6533 Mountainous zones in Europe, such as the Alps, represent huge areas where many viaducts are built, most of them for motorways. The way the sound grazes the asphalt surface from the low and high traffic equivalent sources up to the road edges, and how it then diffracts towards dwellings is a complex mechanism. The standard approaches are suited to plain situations but fail in predicting finely sound propagation behaviour for such geometries. In this paper, one gives the
more » ... er, one gives the main trends of received noise levels from viaducts as a function of both their geometry and the receiver location. A 2D Boundary Element Method is used for predictions since meteorological effects can be neglected for the short propagation (a few hundreds meters). This assumption makes sense since the viaduct considered in this work is sufficiently high (20 m) and the ground effect is weakly affected by refraction. Different configurations are then simulated in order to address and discuss several geometrical effects, such as: platform elevation, low height barriers addition, complex shape barriers and presence of a central gap in the platform.
doi:10.1121/1.2935956 fatcat:354cnasvnbewlkdwsgyzk67v44