Detecting and Localizing 3D Object Classes using Viewpoint Invariant Reference Frames
2007 IEEE 11th International Conference on Computer Vision
In this paper, we investigate detection and localization of general 3D object classes by relating local scale-invariant features to a viewpoint invariant reference frame. This can generally be achieved by either a multi-view representation, where features and reference frame are modeled as a collection of distinct views, or by a viewpoint invariant representation, where features and reference frame are modeled independently of viewpoint. We compare multi-view and viewpoint invariant
... ons trained and tested on the same data, where the viewpoint invariant approach results in fewer false positive detections and higher average precision. We present a new, iterative learning algorithm to determine an optimal viewpoint invariant reference frame from training images in a data-driven manner. The learned optimal reference frame is centrally located with respect to the 3D object class and to image features in a given view, thereby minimizing reference frame localization error as predicted by theory and maintaining a consistent geometrical interpretation with respect to the underlying object class. Modeling and detection based on the optimal reference frame improves detection performance for both multiview and viewpoint invariant representations. Experimentation is performed on the class of 3D faces, using the public color FERET database for training, the CMU profile database for testing and SIFT image features.