Purification and Characterization of a Dissimilatory Nitrite Reductase from the Phototrophic Bacterium Rhodopseudomonas palustris

Michaela Preuß, Jobst-Heinrich Klemme
1983 Zeitschrift für Naturforschung C - A Journal of Biosciences  
A dissimilatory nitrite reductase from the facultatively phototrophic bacterium , Rhodopseudomonas palustris strain 1a1 was studied. A basic level of the enzyme (10 -50 mU/mg protein) was measured in dark, aerated and anaerobic, photosynthetic cultures. A marked derepression of enzyme synthesis occurred under conditions of oxygen limitation (200-300 mU/mg protein). The addition of nitrite (or nitrate) to the culture medium had only a slight effect on the maximal nitrite reductase titer of
more » ... tase titer of cells. The enzyme was purified from photosynthetically grown cells by precipitation with ammonium sulfate, gel filtration through Sepharose 6B and repeated chromatography on DE 52-cellulose. As estimated by gel filtration, the nitrite reductase had a molecular weight of about 120 000 ± 12 000 and yielded only one band (mol. wt. of about 68 000 ± 7000) in SDS-gel electrophoresis. The isoelectric point of the enzyme was at pH 5.1. Nitric oxide (NO) was identified as the reaction product of nitrite reduction. The enzyme also exhibited cytochrome c-oxidase activity and was active with chemically reduced viologen dyes, FMN and cytochrome c as electron donors. Highly purified nitrite reductase preparations contained 10 mol% of a c-type cytochrome. Trace metal analyses indicated the presence of Cu in the enzyme. Consistent with the detection of Cu was the finding that the Cu-chelator, diethyldithiocarbamate, strongly inhibited the nitrite reductase
doi:10.1515/znc-1983-11-1210 fatcat:jjevupnbhjctbiodfhv24ao5wy