STRATEGY OF THE CHOICE OF THE OPTIMUM RATIO OF SIZE OF THE YIELD OF MILK AND EXIT OF THE ISSUE

V. M. Gukezhev, M. S. Gabayev, Zh. H. Zhashuyev, M. A. Gubzhokov
2018 Innovations and Food Safety  
The choice of breed of cattle for production is the defining factor of efficiency of branch. Unfortunately this element hasn't received due scientifically based, both technological, and economic assessment. It has historically developed that a strategic indicator of a condition of dairy cattle breeding is the size of a yield of milk on a cow in a year, all other parameters aren't of particular importance. On this background, on the leading place the golshtinsky breed which by right takes this
more » ... sition has moved forward and in recent years I became one of the most demanded. At the same time, the effectiveness of use of manufacturing bulls of red and motley golshtinsky breed on a uterine livestock of the local red steppe cattle is defined by heredity of the picked-up animals, their compatibility, conditions of cultivation and fitness of hybrids to the accepted technology of contents. Therefore in selection and breeding work it is necessary to consider concrete climatic and economic and economic service conditions of animals. It should be noted that in most cases, economic entities don't provide necessary fodder, technological conditions of keeping. As a result, sharp decrease in efficiency, use duration, low profitability that becomes one of arguments of reduction of a livestock, refusal of production of milk, reduction of employment of country people. The last becomes one of the most important indicators of social vulnerability, especially, in the southern densely populated regions of the country.
doi:10.31677/2311-0651-2018-0-4-130-137 fatcat:24qdq4sf65fhdfqqvadxbq3xi4