Extreme-ultraviolet frequency combs by surface-enhanced optical fields with diatomic molecules

Jian Wu, Hongxing Qi, Heping Zeng
2008 Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  
An efficient and straightforward approach is proposed to produce extreme ultraviolet frequency combs by using high-order harmonic generation from diatomic molecules driven by surface-enhanced high-repetitionrate femtosecond pulses. For a nonpolar molecule, the maximum ͑minimum͒ energy conversion efficiency is observed as the molecule is oriented at an angle of 27°͑108°͒ relative to the surface. For a polar molecule, the frequency components of the generated ultraviolet frequency combs are
more » ... d as both odd-and even-order harmonics are generated, which shows different orientation dependence and shifts from the nonpolar molecule. The generated ultraviolet frequency combs are mainly emitted with angles smaller than 30°close to the surface, while there is a noticeable emission probability around the directions perpendicular to the surface when the molecules are oriented with large angles.
doi:10.1103/physreva.77.053412 fatcat:rf4tcppoeffodjflnd2xswuica