The influence of the dentin smear layer on adhesion: a self-etching primer vs. a total-etch system

Sofia S.A Oliveira, Megan K Pugach, Joan F Hilton, Larry G Watanabe, Sally J Marshall, Grayson W Marshall
2003 Dental Materials  
Objective. To determine the effect of dentin smear layers created by various abrasives on the adhesion of a self-etching primer (SE) and total-etch (SB) bonding systems. Methods. Polished human dentin disks were further abraded with 0.05 mm alumina slurry, 240-, 320-or 600-grit abrasive papers, # 245 carbide, # 250.9 F diamond or # 250.9 C diamond burs. Shear bond strength (SBS) was evaluated by single-plane lap shear, after bonding with SE or SB and with a restorative composite. Smear layers
more » ... re characterized by thickness, using SEM; surface roughness using AFM; and reaction to the conditioners, based on the percentage of open tubules, using SEM. Results. Overall, SBS was lower when SB was used than when SE was used. SBS decreased with increasing coarseness of the abrasive in the SE group. Among burs, the carbide group had the highest SBS, and 320-and 240-grit papers had SBS close to the carbide group. Surface roughness and smear layer thickness varied strongly with coarseness. After conditioning with SE primer, the tubule openness of specimens abraded by carbide bur did not differ from 240-or 320-grit paper, but did differ from the 600-grit. Significance. Even though affected by different surface preparation methods, SE yielded higher SBS than SB. The higher SBS and thin smear layer of the carbide bur group, suggests its use when self-etching materials are used in vivo. Overall, the 320-grit abrasive paper surface finish yielded results closer to that of the carbide bur and its use is recommended in vitro as a clinical simulator when using the SE material.
doi:10.1016/s0109-5641(03)00023-x pmid:14511734 fatcat:slatv3otyjearemiz2ifsju22m