An FPGA-Based CNN Accelerator Integrating Depthwise Separable Convolution

Bing Liu, Danyin Zou, Lei Feng, Shou Feng, Ping Fu, Junbao Li
2019 Electronics  
The Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) has been used in many fields and has achieved remarkable results, such as image classification, face detection, and speech recognition. Compared to GPU (graphics processing unit) and ASIC, a FPGA (field programmable gate array)-based CNN accelerator has great advantages due to its low power consumption and reconfigurable property. However, FPGA's extremely limited resources and CNN's huge amount of parameters and computational complexity pose great
more » ... es to the design. Based on the ZYNQ heterogeneous platform and the coordination of resource and bandwidth issues with the roofline model, the CNN accelerator we designed can accelerate both standard convolution and depthwise separable convolution with a high hardware resource rate. The accelerator can handle network layers of different scales through parameter configuration and maximizes bandwidth and achieves full pipelined by using a data stream interface and ping-pong on-chip cache. The experimental results show that the accelerator designed in this paper can achieve 17.11GOPS for 32bit floating point when it can also accelerate depthwise separable convolution, which has obvious advantages compared with other designs.
doi:10.3390/electronics8030281 fatcat:mx4esrhr7zhmpfjd6gtbdsc3x4