Immune Modulation and Immune-Mediated Pathogenesis of Emerging Tickborne Banyangviruses

Mendoza, Ebihara, Yamaoka
2019 Vaccines  
In the last decade, the emergence of several, novel tickborne viruses have caused significant disease in humans. Of interest are the tickborne banyangviruses: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV), Heartland virus (HRTV), and Guertu virus (GTV). SFTSV and HRTV infection in humans cause viral hemorrhagic fever-like disease leading to mortality rates ranging from 6–30% of the cases. The systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) associated with SFTSV infection is
more » ... ed to contribute significantly to pathology seen in patients. Despite the severe disease caused by HRTV and SFTSV, there are no approved therapeutics or vaccines. Investigation of the immune response during and following infection is critical to the generation of fully protective vaccines and/or supportive treatments, and overall understanding of viral immune evasion mechanisms may aid in the development of a new class of therapeutics.
doi:10.3390/vaccines7040125 pmid:31547199 pmcid:PMC6963857 fatcat:ch4xw33pgvh73h4dhsauomwixe