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Soil and foundation
Rankine classic earth pressure solution has been expanded to predict the seismic active earth pressure behind rigid walls supporting c-φ backfill considering both wall inclination and backfill slope. The proposed formulation is based on Rankine's conjugate stress concept, without employing any additional assumptions. The developed expressions can be used for the static and pseudo-static seismic analyses of c-φ backfill. The results based on the proposed formulations are found to be identical todoi:10.1016/j.sandf.2013.08.003 fatcat:vyi6h4pssjhhvbpeuhkocikrdy