A global stability analysis of the steady and periodic cylinder wake

Bernd R. Noack, Helmut Eckelmann
1994 Journal of Fluid Mechanics  
A global, three-dimensional stability analysis of the steady and the periodic cylinder wake is carried out employing a low-dimensional Galerkin method. The steady flow is found to be asymptotically stable with respect to all perturbations for Re < 54. The onset of periodicity is confirmed to be a supercritical Hopf bifurcation which can be modelled by the Landau equations. The periodic solution is observed to be only neutrally stable for 54 < Re < 170. While two-dimensional perturbations of the
more » ... vortex street rapidly decay, three-dimensional perturbations with long spanwise wavelengths neither grow nor decay. The periodic solution becomes unstable at Re = 170 by a perturbation with the spanwise wavelength of 1.8 diameters. This instability is shown to be a supercritical Hopf bifurcation in the spanwise coordinate and leads to a threedimensional periodic flow. Finally the transition scenario for higher Reynolds numbers is discussed.
doi:10.1017/s0022112094004283 fatcat:hpscwyhkezakxiji53n6viiflu