Broadband Multichannel Optical Vortex Generators via Patterned Double-Layer Reverse-Twist Liquid Crystal Polymer

Hanqing Zhang, Wei Duan, Ting Wei, Chunting Xu, Wei Hu
2020 Crystals  
The capacity of an optical communication system can be greatly increased by using separate orbital angular momentum (OAM) modes as independent channels for signal transmission and encryption. At present, a transmissive OAM mode generator compatible with wavelength division multiplexing is being highly pursued. Here, we introduce a specific double-layer reverse-twist configuration into liquid crystal polymer (LCP) to overcome wavelength dependency. With this design, broadband-applicable OAM
more » ... generators are proposed and demonstrated. A Damman vortex grating and a Damman q-plate were encoded via photopatterning two subsequent LCP layers adopted with oppositely handed chiral dopants. Rectangular and hexagonal OAM arrays with mode conversion efficiencies exceeding 40.1% and 51.0% in the ranges of 530 to 930 nm, respectively, are presented. This provides a simple and broadband efficient strategy for beam shaping.
doi:10.3390/cryst10100882 fatcat:mmkuua3qzbfp3kszollyiz47uq