Hysteresis Modeling of a PAM System Using ANFIS
Pneumatic artificial muscles (PAMs) are excellent environmentally friendly actuators and springs that remain somewhat underutilized in the industry due to their hysteretic behavior, which makes predicting their behavior difficult. This paper presents a novel black-box approach that employs an adaptive-network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) to create pressure-contraction hysteresis models. The resulting models are simulated in a control system toolbox to test their controllability using a
... imple proportional-integral (PI) controller. The data showed that the models created based on fixed inputs had an average normalized root mean square error (RMSE) of 0.0327, and their generalized counterparts achieved an average normalized RMSE of 0.04087. The simulation results showed that the PI controller was able to achieve mean tracking errors of 8.1 µm and 18.3 µm when attempting to track a sinusoidal and step references, respectively. This work concludes that modeling using the ANFIS is limited to being able to know the derivative of the input pressure or its rate of change, but competently models hysteresis in PAMs across multiple operating ranges. This is the highlight of this work. Additionally, these ANFIS-created models lend themselves well to controller, but exploring more refined control schemes is necessary to fully utilize them.