Transition From an ICU Ventilator to a Portable Home Ventilator in Children

L Denise Willis, Gary Lowe, Phyllis Pearce, Beverly J Spray, Randy Willis, Angela Scott, John L Carroll, Amit Agarwal
2020 Respiratory care  
The transition from an ICU ventilator to a portable home ventilator (PHV) for children requiring long-term mechanical ventilation is a crucial step in preparing for discharge home and may not be successful on the first attempt. A review of this process at our institution revealed that some children required multiple trials before they were able to tolerate a PHV. A protocol was developed to standardize the transition process and reduce the number of failed attempts. Key features of the protocol
more » ... included a transition readiness assessment and criteria for changing to the PHV. A retrospective chart review was completed to evaluate the process of changing to a PHV before and after the protocol was in place during the time period of 2011-2018. Primary outcome measures included the number of transition attempts and the length of time to achieve successful transition. A successful transition attempt was defined as the ability to tolerate a PHV for 14 d. The study included 56 children ≤ 3 years of age with a tracheostomy who required long-term ventilator support. The majority of subjects were from the neonatal ICU and had a diagnosis of bronchopulmonary dysplasia. There was a significant decrease in the number of attempts (P = .005) and in the length of time (P = .01) to successfully transition to a PHV for those who underwent the protocol. The process of changing from an ICU ventilator to a PHV in children requiring long-term mechanical ventilation was improved through the use of a standardized protocol. Both the number of failed attempts and the length of time to achieve successful transition were reduced when the protocol was applied. Further study is needed to evaluate other medical and nonmedical factors that may affect successful transition to a PHV.
doi:10.4187/respcare.07641 pmid:32636274 fatcat:3ojr6soqmvdcjch5tcjdnrgmke