Non-Pharmacological Pain Management in Islamic Tenet to Reduce Labor Pain: A Literature Review

Desmawati
2020 Proceedings of the International Conference of Health Development. Covid-19 and the Role of Healthcare Workers in the Industrial Era (ICHD 2020)   unpublished
This study aims to explore kinds of non-pharmacological pain management most frequently used by nurse and to examine the effects of the non-pharmacological on health outcomes in maternity nursing. Methods: Databases searched for books and electronic journal that were published from the search of Science direct, CINAHL, EBSCO, Pro Quest, PubMed, OVID, google scholar, and www.cochrane.org. The inclusion criteria consist (1) articles and books, published between 2010 -2020, as reference to applied
more » ... eference to applied the non-pharmacological pain management (2) English and Indonesian's references about the non-pharmacological (3) to measure of outcome: labor pain reference (4) fitting the descriptors: Kinds of the non-pharmacological pain management in maternity nursing care. Using selected keywords "non-pharmacological pain management", " non-pharmacological intervention", "pain management ", "holistic intervention", "cultural intervention", "non-pharmacological pain management in health", "spiritual intervention", "non-pharmacological pain management in maternity care", " outcomes: labor pain". Results: A total of 9 scientific articles that met the inclusion criteria and addressed the nonpharmacological pain management in maternity care. The Islamic relaxation most used was: Listen the Qur'an, read the Qur'an, Islamic music, praying-dhikr, do'a/supplications, and modified Islamic relaxation like SEFT. The outcome including: relief pain, and smooth delivery. Non-pharmacological pain management that so far is still a general nature. Future research should examine or test the other kinds of non-pharmacological pain management in maternity nursing area base on Islamic tenet Ruqyah, sholawat, and dhikr can be done together with her family that accompanied her during childbirth based on caring practice involves six carative factors and transpersonal caring relationship, and family participation. Conclusion: Some evidences have shown non-pharmacological pain management as integrative energy in nursing practice to reduce labor pain in maternity care. It should be performed to support holistic care for establishing practice based on Holistic Nursing Theory and Islamic philosophy.
doi:10.2991/ahsr.k.201125.072 fatcat:5uqylzxuybblrau4cvhoq57vre