Defesa alimentar (Food Defense): avaliação e aplicação da ferramenta CARVER+Shock na indústria do leite no Brasil
AGRADECIMENTOS Quero agradecer a D.s por ter me dado a oportunidade de viajar ao Brasil, conhecer suas maravilhosas paisagens e pessoas que sempre vão ficar no meu coração. À professora Marta Mitsui Kushida por ter acreditado nas minhas capacidades, pelas viagens juntas, o apoio, a paciência e o trabalho em equipe. Eu sinto admiração pela professora Marta, pela dedicação e a paixão por seu trabalho por ter visão e ter se arriscado a desenvolver um tema inovador, sempre vai ficar no meu coração.
... A minha mãe Yolanda Romero pelo apoio, o amor e a amizade. A todas as pessoas que me apoiaram na conclusão deste lindo processo. Palavras-chave: Indústria de Alimentos. FSMA. Plano de defesa alimentar. Contaminação Intencional. Exportações. ABSTRACT BETANCOURT, R. S. Food Defense: Evaluation and application of the CARVER+Shock tool in the dairy industry of Brazil. 2017. 150f. The terrorist events in the food industry, published along decades in the USA, generated the concept of "Food Defense", whose objective is to adopt preventive measures against the intentional contamination of products, where individuals fall back upon agents (biological, chemical, physical or radiological) with intention of causing damages to the companies, governments or to the population in general. The recognition of its importance in the food industry promoted the diffusion of this concept to the establishment of certified norms, such as FSSC 22.000, and the development of tools such as the software CARVER+Shock by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration). Being a recent tendency in several countries, it has been adopted as a practice or tool for food defense. In Brazil, this adoption is little despite of it being one of the countries with the highest food production in the world. CARVER+Shock represents an acronym of 7 attributes: Criticality -Impact on public health, Accessibility -Capacity of physical access, Recuperability -easiness of identifying an objective, Vulnerability -easiness of accomplishing a contamination, Effect -consequences of a contamination, Recognizability -capacity of the system to recover before a flaw of safety and Shock that mixes the impacts of health, economical and psychological effects. The objective of the present study was to accomplish an exploratory research to apply and evaluate the software in a practical way so as to judge its effectiveness. For such a purpose, the researcher proceeded to implement the software in two dairy companies, the first company "A" located in the state of São Paulo and the second company "B" in the state of Paraná. In the study it was possible to conclude that the software achieved to make an evaluation of detailed vulnerability considering several factors that allow analysis on the economical, psychological and health impacts on the population after an intentional contamination with success, making it possible to construct a food defense plan. This plan seeks to protect the products of intentional contaminations, to guarantee an atmosphere of safe work for the employees, it supplies a safe product, it protects the companies and it increases the preparation and the capacity to answer while facing a critical situation.