¿Existe relación entre los optimismos estado y rasgo y la evaluación de la calidad de vida?

Alfonso Urzúa, Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Claudio Araya, Paula Díaz, Milenka Rocha, Paulina Valdivia
2016 Universitas Psychologica  
Using a non-experimental, transverse, co-relational design, we assess the relationship between optimism and quality of life (QoL) in adults aged between 18 and 65 years. Two questionnaires were administered: WHOQOLBREF, which assessed QoL, and an instrument that assessed trait–state optimism. A total of 1190 subjects from various public and private high schools, institutions and commercial centers in the city of Antofagasta, Chile participated. The mean sample age was 40.0 years and 50.0% of
more » ... ars and 50.0% of respondents were male. There is a relationship between QoL and state optimism, with males demonstrating a higher QoL. Differences in optimism were observed only in age groups in which younger persons scored less than older persons. The results obtained indicate that there is a partial relationship between QoL and optimism, with state optimism having a significant effect on QoL.
doi:10.11144/javeriana.upsy15-2.rtso fatcat:bic633pjija6rb24ihlfrzwcke