BENCHMARK SOLUTIONS FOR TSUNAMI WAVE FRONTS AND RAYS. PART 1: SLOPING BOTTOM TOPOGRAPHY

Andrey G. Marchuk
2016 Science of Tsunami Hazards  
In this paper, the kinematics of tsunami wave rays and fronts over an uneven bottom are studied. A formula for the wave height along a ray tube is obtained. An exact analytical solution for wave rays and fronts over a sloping bottom is derived. This solution makes possible to determine a tsunami wave height in an area with a sloping bottom from the initial source in the ray approximation. The distribution of wave-height maxima calculated in an area with a sloping bottom is compared to that
more » ... mpared to that obtained with a shallow-water model.
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