UnSync: A Soft Error Resilient Redundant Multicore Architecture
2011 International Conference on Parallel Processing
Reducing device dimensions, increasing transistor densities, and smaller timing windows, expose the vulnerability of processors to soft errors induced by charge carrying particles. Since these factors are only consequences of the inevitable advancement in processor technology, the industry has been forced to improve reliability on general purpose Chip Multiprocessors (CMPs). With the availability of increased hardware resources, redundancy based techniques are the most promising methods to
... cate soft error failures in CMP systems. In this work, we propose a novel redundant CMP architecture (UnSync) that utilizes hardware based detection mechanisms (most of which are readily available in the processor), to reduce overheads during error free executions. In the presence of errors (which are infrequent), the always forward execution enabled recovery mechanism provides for resilience in the system. We design a detailed RTL model of our UnSync architecture and perform hardware synthesis to compare the hardware (power/area) overheads incurred. We compare the same with those of the Reunion technique, a state-of-the-art redundant multi-core architecture. We also perform cycle-accurate simulations over a wide range of SPEC2000, and MiBench benchmarks to evaluate the performance efficiency achieved over that of the Reunion architecture. Experimental results show that, our UnSync architecture reduces power consumption by 34.5% and improves performance by up to 20% with 13.3% less area overhead, when compared to Reunion architecture for the same level of reliability achieved.