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BMC Research Notes
External shame reflects a person's anxiety that he or she might be rejected by others. The Other as Shamer Scale (OAS) is a scale for assessing external shame. The Japanese version of the OAS was developed, and its reliability and validity were examined using Item Response Theory (IRT). A survey was conducted with university students (N = 199). Exploratory factor analysis of the results indicated a significantly high factor loading on the first factor, which was identical to the originaldoi:10.1186/s13104-020-05027-z pmid:32248832 fatcat:fz2nan7ae5gdrj5ayo7m4z43qe