Draft Genome Sequence and intraspecific diversification of the wild crop relative Brassica cretica Lam. using demographic model selection: Supplementary Table S4: xls file containing Information for all genomes obtained from the GenBank
Crop wild relatives contain great levels of genetic diversity, representing an invaluable resource for crop improvement. Many of their traits have the potential to help crops become more resistant and resilient, and adapt to the new conditions that they will experience due to climate change. An impressive global effort occurs for the conservation of various wild crop relatives and facilitates their use in crop breeding for food security. The genus Brassica is listed in Annex I of the
... al Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture. Brassica oleracea (or wild cabbage) is a species native to coastal southern and western Europe that has become established as an important human food crop plant because of its large reserves stored over the winter in its leaves. Brassica cretica Lam. is a wild relative crop in the brassica group and B. cretica subsp. nivea has been suggested as a separate subspecies. The species B. cretica has been proposed as a potential gene donor to a number of crops in the brassica group, including broccoli, Brussels sprout, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, swede, turnip and oilseed rape. Here, we present the draft de novo genome assemblies of four B. cretica individuals, including two B. cretica subsp. nivea and two B. cretica. De novo assembly of Illumina MiSeq genomic shotgun sequencing data yielded 243,461 contigs totalling 412.5 Mb in length, corresponding to 122 % of the estimated genome size of B. cretica (339 Mb). According to synteny mapping and phylogenetic analysis of conserved genes, B. cretica genome based on our sequence data reveals approximately 30.360 proteins. Furthermore, our demographic analysis based on whole genome data, suggests that distinct populations of B. cretica are not isolated. Our findings suggest that the classification of the B. cretica in distinct subspecies is not supported from the genome sequence data we analyzed.