ANALISIS SPASIAL DISTRIBUSI BULAN BASAH DAN BULAN KERING DI JAWA TIMUR (Spatial Distribution of Wet Month and Dry Month in East Java Region)

Indarto Indarto, Boedi Susanto, Ardian Nur Fakrudin
2013 Agritech  
This paper expose the spatial distribution of Wet Month (WM) and Dry Month (DM) in East Java region. Daily Rainfall data was collected from 943 pluviometres spread around the region. Monthly rainfall data is calculated from cumulatif of daily rainfall data. Then, wet and dry month were determined from monthly rainfall data using Oldeman Classification method. Furthermore, Spatial statistics were analysed by means of ESDA (Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis) available on Geostatistical Analyst
more » ... tistical Analyst extention of ArcGIS (9.x.). Statistical tools exploited to analise the data include: (1) Histogram, (2) Voronoi Map and (3) QQ-Plot. The result show that histogram and QQ-Plot of WM and DM are close to normal distribution. Statistical value of Wet Month (WM) obtained from the analysis are: minimum = 1 month/year, maximum = 9 month/year, average = 3,67 month/year, and median = 4 month/year. Other statistical value summarised are: standard deviation = 1,2; skewness = 0,05; dan curtosis = 3,09. While for Dry Month (DM), statistical value obtained are: minimum = 2 month/year, maximum = 11 month/year, average = 6,4 month/year, and median = 6 month/year. Other statistical value summarised are: standard deviation = 1,21; skewness = 0,11; and curtosis = 3,6. The research demonstrate the capability and benefit of those statistical tool to describe detailed spatial variability of Wet Month (WM) and Dry Month (DM). Keywords: ESDA, Histogram, Voronoi-Map, QQPlot, Wet Month, Dry Month, East Java. ABSTRAK Makalah ini memaparkan distribusi spasial Bulan Basah (BB) dan Bulan Kering (BK) di Jawa Timur. Data hujan diperoleh dari 943 lokasi stasiun hujan yang tersebar merata di seluruh wilayah Provinsi Jawa Timur. Hujan bulanan dihitung dari kumulatif hujan harian. Selanjutnya, nilai BB dan BK ditentukan berdasarkan metode klasifikasi Iklim Oldeman. Analisa spasial dilakukan menggunakan tool ESDA (Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis) yang terdapat pada ArcGIS Geostatistical Analyst. Tool yang digunakan mencakup: H [...]
doi:10.22146/agritech.9588 doaj:f4a426a915bd44989b0d48b3c479c3cc fatcat:ln76hsmqrzcizgevmcyu63z6ke