Effect of Self-Management Support for Elderly People Post-Stroke: A Systematic Review
A systematic review was undertaken to determine the efficacy of self-management interventions for people with stroke over the age of 65 in relation to psychosocial outcomes. PubMed, Embase, and PsycInfo were searched for randomized controlled clinical trials. Studies were eligible if the included people with stroke had a mean age ≥65 years in both the intervention and control group. Data on psychosocial measurements were extracted and an assessment of methodological quality was undertaken. Due
... o heterogeneity across the studies, the results were synthesized narratively. Eleven studies were identified. They included different self-management interventions in terms of theoretical rationales, delivery, and content. Seven psychosocial outcomes were identified: i) self-management, ii) self-efficacy, iii) quality of life, iv) depression, v) activities of daily living, vi) active lifestyle, and vii) other measures. Self-management interventions for people with stroke over the age of 65 may be beneficial for self-management, self-efficacy, quality of life, activity of daily living, and other psychosocial outcomes. However, low study quality and heterogeneity of interventions, as well as variation in time of follow-up and outcome measures, limit the possibility of making robust conclusions.