Fractional Cable Models for Spiny Neuronal Dendrites

B. I. Henry, T. A. M. Langlands, S. L. Wearne
2008 Physical Review Letters  
Cable equations with fractional order temporal operators are introduced to model electrotonic properties of spiny neuronal dendrites. These equations are derived from Nernst-Planck equations with fractional order operators to model the anomalous subdiffusion that arises from trapping properties of dendritic spines. The fractional cable models predict that postsynaptic potentials propagating along dendrites with larger spine densities can arrive at the soma faster and be sustained at higher
more » ... ined at higher levels over longer times. Calibration and validation of the models should provide new insight into the functional implications of altered neuronal spine densities, a hallmark of normal aging and many neurodegenerative disorders.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.100.128103 pmid:18517914 fatcat:wdu4fxsjojdrrlyh62sss6rhiu