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On the Thermodynamic Control of Ring Opening of 4-Substituted 1,3,3-Tris-Carbethoxycyclobutene and the Role of the C-3 Substituent in Masking the Kinetic Torquoselectivity. An alternate reaction pathway
The predominant transformations of 4-methyl- and 4-phenyl-1,3,3-tris-carbethoxycyclobutenes to s-trans,trans-1,1,3-tris-carbethoxy-4-methyl- and s-trans,trans-1,1,3-tris-carbethoxy-4-phenyl-1,3-butadienes, respectively, are discussed to proceed through pathways entailing heterolytic cleavage of the sC3C4 bond rather than the usual conrotatory ring opening following the rules of torquoselectivity. The adventitious or in situ generated halogen acid from CDCl3 catalyzes the reaction by protonationdoi:10.26434/chemrxiv.7791146.v5 fatcat:sqhsue3asrhq3ctwdkfknusimy