The Contribution of Naturally Occurring Polymorphisms in Altering the Biochemical and Structural Characteristics of HIV-1 Subtype C Protease†

Roxana M. Coman, Arthur H. Robbins, Marty A. Fernandez, C. Taylor Gilliland, Anthony A. Sochet, Maureen M. Goodenow, Robert McKenna, Ben M. Dunn
2008 Biochemistry  
Fourteen subtype B and C protease variants have been engineered in an effort to study whether the preexistent baseline polymorphisms, by themselves or in combination with drug resistance mutations, differentially alter the biochemical and structural features of the subtype C protease when compared with those of subtype B protease. The kinetic studies performed in this work showed that the preexistent polymorphisms in subtype C protease, by themselves, do not provide for a greater level of
more » ... ance. Inhibition analysis with eight clinically used protease inhibitors revealed that the natural polymorphisms found in subtype C protease, in combination with drug resistance mutations, can influence enzymatic catalytic efficiency and inhibitor resistance. Structural analyses of the subtype C protease bound to nelfinavir and indinavir showed that these inhibitors form similar interactions with the residues in the active site of subtype B and C proteases. It also revealed that the naturally occurring polymorphisms could alter the position of the outer loops of the subtype C protease, especially the 60's loop. a Rwork ) ∑(|Fo| -|Fc|)/∑|Fo| × 100; Rfree is identical to Rwork for 5% of data omitted from refinement.
doi:10.1021/bi7018332 pmid:18092815 fatcat:lvrafum4ufdurh4giakxunynvu