AES Datapath Optimization Strategies for Low-Power Low-Energy Multisecurity-Level Internet-of-Things Applications

Duy-Hieu Bui, Diego Puschini, Simone Bacles-Min, Edith Beigne, Xuan-Tu Tran
2017 IEEE Transactions on Very Large Scale Integration (vlsi) Systems  
Connected devices are getting attention because of the lack of security mechanisms in current Internet-of-Thing (IoT) products. The security can be enhanced by using standardized and proven-secure block ciphers as advanced encryption standard (AES) for data encryption and authentication. However, these security functions take a large amount of processing power and power/energy consumption. In this paper, we present our hardware optimization strategies for AES for high-speed ultralow-power
more » ... ow-energy IoT applications with multiple levels of security. Our design supports multiple security levels through different key sizes, power and energy optimization for both datapath and key expansion. The estimated power results show that our implementation may achieve an energy per bit comparable with the lightweight standardized algorithm PRESENT of less than 1 pJ/b at 10 MHz at 0.6 V with throughput of 28 Mb/s in ST FDSOI 28-nm technology. In terms of security evaluation, our proposed datapath, 32-b key out of 128 b cannot be revealed by correlation power analysis attack using less than 20 000 traces. Index Terms-Advanced encryption standard (AES), Internetof-Things (IoTs), low energy, low power. 1063-8210
doi:10.1109/tvlsi.2017.2716386 fatcat:dd55mu5zzbhtfdgtcdor6qadeu