Preparing lifelong learners for delivering pharmaceutical care in an ever-changing world: a study of pharmacy students

Sarah Khamis, Abdikarim Mohamed Abdi, Bilgen Basgut
2020 BMC Medical Education  
Background Continuing professional development (CPD) continues to gain acceptance as a model for health care professionals to engage in lifelong learning (LLL). Many pharmacy schools have not adopted yet specific programs targeting the development of LLL skills, though LLL is widely accepted as an essential competence. This paper examines the effectiveness and utility of a longitudinal CPD training program. Methods A CPD simulation course was introduced to a cohort of fifth year students in
more » ... ear students in Northern Cyprus in the 2018–2019 academic year. The program was delivered as an interactive orientation course in one semester; meanwhile, in the second semester, the students applied the CPD cycle and completed their portfolios during their final experiential practice. A mixed-methods approach was used to evaluate the outcomes of the intervention using students' preparedness for lifelong learning (SPLLL) self-administered questionnaire delivered pre-post program, focus group sessions for students to reflect on the course experience, and instructors' evaluations of portfolios. Results Following the implementation of the course, students' assessment scores were significantly higher overall and for all scale domains, including "knowledge, skills, attitude and practice", compared to the baseline assessment. Additionally, compared to fifth year students who responded to the second SPLLL questionnaire, the intervention group students' assessment was significantly higher in knowledge, skills, and practice. The qualitative analysis reported high student satisfaction and achievement of the course objectives. Nineteen of the students scored high on their portfolios. Conclusion The CPD simulation course provided students with opportunities to practice and develop self-assessment and self-management skills that are all desirable for lifelong learning and prepared them for CPD.
doi:10.1186/s12909-020-02394-w pmid:33302925 fatcat:qx7xkslurrhgzhvihqntpumnjy