Acidic fibroblast growth factor activates hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis in rats
American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Matsumoto, Itsuro, Yutaka Oomura, Akira Niijima, Kazuo Sasaki, and Tadaomi Aikawa. Acidic fibroblast growth factor activates hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis in rats. Am. J. Physiol. 274 (Regulatory Integrative Comp. Physiol. 43): R503-R509, 1998.-Effects of acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF), an endogenous satiety substance, on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis were examined under pentobarbital sodium anesthesia in rats. A guide cannula was inserted into the cerebral
... third ventricle and a vascular indwelling catheter was inserted into the right atrium from the jugular vein 2 wk and 3 days, respectively, before the experiment. A marked dose-dependent increase in plasma corticosterone was detected from 20 min to 2 h after intracerebroventricular administration of aFGF (1-10 ng). Significant increases in plasma adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) were observed from 5 to 150 min after the intracerebroventricular administration of 10 ng aFGF. Significant dose-dependent increases in plasma corticosterone were also observed after intravenous injections of aFGF (1, 10, and 100 ng), together with increases in the plasma ACTH level. Pretreatment with antibody to corticotropin-releasing factor via the intracerebroventricular route abolished the increases in corticosterone induced by intracerebroventricularly administered aFGF, but not those induced by intravenous injection of aFGF. In adrenal glands perfused in situ with artificial medium, the corticosterone secretion rate increased slightly in response to 10 Ϫ9 M aFGF. These findings suggest that intracerebroventricular administration of aFGF activates the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis via corticotropin-releasing factor release in the brain, whereas peripheral administration of aFGF activates adrenocortical secretion mainly via a direct action on ACTH release.