EVALUATION OF RISK FACTORS FOR DRY SOCKET - A RETROSPECTIVE STUDY
International Journal of Biology Pharmacy and Allied Sciences
The most common and oldest oral surgical procedure is extraction. Dry socket is one of the common post extraction complications. As long as the exact etiology of dry socket is not correctly established, management of dry socket cannot be properly established. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk factors for dry socket in patients undergoing extractions of permanent teeth in Saveetha Dental college and Hospitals. This retrospective study was conducted among dental patients in the
... ent of oral and maxillofacial surgery, Saveetha dental college and hospital, Saveetha university, Chennai. Inclusion criteria for the study were all the patients above 18 years of age who underwent extractions of permanent teeth. Our study consisted of 60 adult patients which included 30 patients with dry socket, and 30 patients without dry socket after dental extractions. Demographic details like age, gender, systemic diseases, presence of smoking habits and post extraction complications like dry socket were also recorded from digital case records, clinical photographs and radiographs. Retrieved data was analysed using IBM SPSS Software Version 23.0. Descriptive statistics and tests of association for categorical variables by Chi square tests were done and results were obtained. P value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Most of the extraction patients in the study were in the age group of 31-40 years (36.67%), followed by 51-60 years (16.67%). Males underwent more extractions (65%) than females (35%) in our study population. Dry socket predominantly occurred in males than in females. However there was no statistically significant association between dry socket and gender (p=0.564); dry socket and smoking (p=0.544); dry socket and systemic diseases (p=0.106). Within the limits of the study, dry socket was predominantly observed in the age group of 31-40 years with a predilection for males. However, gender, smoking habits and systemic diseases had no influence on the occurrence of dry socket.