Heterogeneous Optoelectronic Characteristics of Si Micropillar Arrays Fabricated by Metal-Assisted Chemical Etching [article]

Yang Qian, David J. Magginetti, Seokmin Jeon, Yohan Yoon, Tony L. Olsen, Maoji Wang, Jordan M. Gerton, Heayoung P. Yoon
<span title="2020-06-29">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
Recent progress achieved in metal-assisted chemical etching (MACE) has enabled the production of high-quality micropillar arrays for various optoelectronic applications. Si micropillars produced by MACE often show a porous Si/SiOx shell on crystalline pillar cores introduced by local electrochemical reactions. In this paper, we report the distinct optoelectronic characteristics of the porous Si/SiOx shell correlated to their chemical compositions. Local photoluminescent (PL) images obtained
more &raquo; ... an immersion oil objective lens in confocal microscopy show a red emission peak (about 650 nm) along the perimeter of the pillars that is threefold stronger compared to their center. On the basis of our analysis, we find an unexpected PL increase (about 540 nm) at the oil/shell interface. We suggest that both PL enhancements are mainly attributed to the porous structures, a similar behavior observed in previous MACE studies. Surface potential maps simultaneously recorded with topography reveal a significantly high surface potential on the sidewalls of MACE-synthesized pillars (+0.5 V), which is restored to the level of planar Si control (-0.5 V) after removing SiOx in hydrofluoric acid. These distinct optoelectronic characteristics of the Si/SiOx shell can be beneficial for various sensor architectures.
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