Overexpression of TOB1 confers radioprotection to bronchial epithelial cells through the MAPK/ERK pathway
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of antiproliferative transducer of erbB2, 1 (TOB1) on the radiosensitivity of the normal human bronchial epithelial cell line HBE. After exposure to different doses of irradiation or a certain dose for different time intervals, the expression of TOB1 mRNA and protein in HBE cells was determined by semi-quantitative RT-PCR and western blot analysis. Liposome-induced recombinant plasmid transfection and G418 selection were
... lection were performed to establish a stably transfected TOB1-overexpressing HBE cell line. A clonogenic assay was used to determine the radiosensitivity of the HBE cells with different TOB1 expression statuses. The cell cycle distribution was detected by flow cytometry. The ionizing radiation (IR)-induced γ-H2AX foci formation was detected by immunofluorescence assay. The related mechanism was explored by western blot analysis. TOB1 expression in the HBE cells was not induced by IR, neither dose-dependently nor timedependently. Compared to the parental or 'mock' transfected HBE cells, the radiosensitivity of HBE cells overexpressing TOB1 was significantly decreased (P<0.05). Exogenous TOB1 prevented HBE cells from apoptosis after IR, in contrast to the control cells (P<0.05), and significantly decreased the IR-induced γ-H2AX foci formation. After IR, the expression of DNA damage repair proteins such as XRCC1, MRE11, FEN1 and ATM was increased in the TOB1-overexpressing HBE cells when compared with the expression levels in the control cells. HBE/TOB1 cells presented a much higher phosphorylated ERK1/2 and phosphorylated p53 when compared with the levels in the control cell lines when receiving 6 Gy of X-rays. Notably, the increased expression of phosphorylated p53 in HBE/TOB1 cells after IR was sufficiently blocked by U0126, a specific inhibitor of MEK1/2. Different from its functions in several lung cancer cell lines, TOB1 demonstrated a radioprotective function in the immortalized normal human bronchial epithelial cell line HBE via the MAPK/ERK signaling pathway.