Assessment of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Parents on Childhood Immunisation Programme in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Calicut

2020 Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development  
Immunization is an important factor for preventing the severe infections disease in humans. This study is to assess the Knowledge, Attitude and Practice to the immunization schedule of paediatrics by their parents using a questionnaire in a tertiary hospital at Calicut. Methodology: A prospective observational study that was carried among the parents of kids in the Paediatric O.P department of PVS hospital, Calicut. A questionnaire was prepared and administered to the parents to assess their
more » ... to assess their KAP, on immunization. Result: A total of 200 participants were included in the study. Around 40% parents had good knowledge, 80% had positive attitude 89% had revealed positive practice towards immunization. Maternal education (χ 2 =35.64; p<0.01) and area of living (χ 2 =22.99; p<0.01) were significantly associated with knowledge of mothers .Maternal education level (χ 2 =20.76; p<0.01) were significantly associated with favourable attitudes. Good infants immunization practice was significantly associated with number of children in a family (χ 2 =12.15 p<0.002). About 50 (42.3%) cases of child being ill were identified as a reason for vaccine hesitancy from 118 cases (59%). Conclusion: The majority of the respondents have positive opinion about the importance of childhood immunization in study areas. However, some respondents had insufficient knowledge on this issue. Educational intervention should be recommended to improve this scenario and recommended special emphasis on the rural area.
doi:10.37506/ijphrd.v11i4.4702 fatcat:7fog2x4ucrbcra4gz4cvi4qzle