Investigating the status of successful aging based on selection, optimization and compensation model and its relationship with some demographic variables in elderly population of Shiraz, southwest of Iran, 2018

Giti Setoodeh, Maryam Hazrati, Farkhondeh Sharif, Sakineh Gholamzadeh
2020 Zenodo  
Introduction and Objectives: Increasing growth of the elderly population in many developed countries has drawn attention of researchers to this age group. Thus, one of the goals of community-based health studies has always been maintaining high quality of life at old age and help­ing the elderly people to have a successful aging, and this will not be possible without a proper understanding of the status of the elderly people in community. The objective of this study was to investigate the
more » ... of successful aging based on Selection, Optimization and Compensa­tion Model and its relationship with some demographic variables in the elderly population in Shiraz-Iran.Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, 197 eligible elderly people were selected by multistage clus­ter sampling from four districts of Shiraz in 2018. To collect the data, the short version (12 items) of the HY­PERLINK " fpsyg.2018.00410/full" \l "B4" Baltes & Baltes (1999) Selection, Optimization and Compensation Questionnaire (SOC) and Demographic Questionnaire were used. Data were analyzed through SPSS 16 software and Spearman, Mann-Whitney, and Kruskal-Wallis tests.Results: a total of 99 males (55.3%) and 80 females (44.7%) aged 60 to 97 years with a mean age of 72.4 ± 8.70 years participated in this study. Mean and standard deviation of successful aging score was 6.58 ± 3.42 [Min = 0 and Max = 12]. Based on the results, gender had no significant correlation with the mean score of successful aging and its dimensions (P value >0.05).Discussion: However, the age variable was inversely cor­related with the compensation strategy (P value = 0.048). Level of education showed a direct and significant cor­relation with the mean scores of all three dimensions of successful aging (selection, optimization and compensa­tion strategies) (P value = 0.0001). Based on the results, there was an inverse and sign [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4079155 fatcat:b2mmh4ab6jblxpm7d7ekdvzsfi