Purification and Characterization of Insulin-Mimetic Inositol Phosphoglycan-Like Molecules From Grass Pea (Lathyrus sativus) Seeds

Covadonga Pañeda, Ana Victoria Villar, Alicia Alonso, Félix M. Goñi, Federico Varela, Urs Brodbeck, Yolanda León, Isabel Varela-Nieto, David R. Jones
2001 Molecular Medicine  
Signal transduction through the hydrolysis of glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol (GPI) leading to the release of the water-soluble inositol phosphoglycan (IPG) molecules has been demonstrated to be important for mediating some of the actions of insulin and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I). Materials and Methods: In the present study, GPI from grass pea (Lathyrus sativus) seeds has been purified and partially characterized on the basis of its chromatographic properties and its compositional
more » ... is. Results: The results indicate that it shows similarities to GPI previously isolated from other sources such as contributed equally to this work. rat liver. IPG was generated from L. sativus seed GPI by hydrolysis with a GPI-specific phospholipase D (GPI-PLD). This IPG inhibited protein kinase A (PKA) in an in vitro assay, caused cell proliferation in explanted cochleovestibular ganglia (CVG), and decreased 8-Br-cAMP-induced phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK) mRNA expression in cultured hepatoma cells. Conclusions: Our data indicate that L. sativus seed IPG possess insulin-mimetic activities. This may explain why L. sativus seeds have been used in some traditional medicines to ameliorate diabetic symptoms.
doi:10.1007/bf03401850 fatcat:hsk322t5srhi7cf325dww3zntu