Induced Innovation and Social Inequality: Evidence from Infant Medical Care

David M. Cutler, Ellen Meara, Seth Richards-Shubik
2012 The Journal of human resources  
We develop a model of induced innovation that applies to medical research. Our model yields three empirical predictions. First, initial death rates and subsequent research effort should be positively correlated. Second, research effort should be associated with more rapid mortality declines. Third, as a byproduct of targeting the most common conditions in the population as a whole, induced innovation leads to growth in mortality disparities between minority and majority groups. Using
more » ... s. Using information on infant deaths in the U.S. between 1983 and 1998, we find support for all three empirical predictions. life expectancy gains are not shared equally across groups, the change in survival has implications not only for population health, but for the equity of pension policies or changes in pension policy. Thus, unequal progress in health should be one factor considered when targeting research. a. Overly broad category. b. Lack of appropriately targeted search terms. In some cases, in the MEDLINE database, we were unable to effectively restrict searches to infant conditions despite the presence of an "infant" qualifier. c. Not a medical condition.
doi:10.1353/jhr.2012.0014 fatcat:7wy375eb6zgahkputk322yb4re