Adsorption characterization and CO2 breakthrough of MWCNT/Mg-MOF-74 and MWCNT/MIL-100(Fe) composites

Rached Ben-Mansour, Naef A. A. Qasem, Mohamed A. Habib
2018 International Journal of Energy and Environmental Engineering  
Carbon capture using adsorption processes can significantly mitigate global warming. Mg-MOF-74 is a distinct reticular material amongst other adsorbents owing to its distinguished carbon dioxide adsorption capacity and selectivity under lowpressure applications, while MIL-100(Fe) has lower CO 2 adsorption capacity, but extraordinary thermal and hydrostability in comparison to many classes of MOFs. In this paper, we present CO 2 adsorption characteristics of new compounds formed by the
more » ... ed by the incorporation of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) into Mg-MOF-74 and MIL-100(Fe). This was done to improve the thermal diffusion properties of the base MOFs to enhance their adsorption capacities. The new composites have been characterized for degree of crystallinity, and the CO 2 and N 2 equilibrium uptake. The real adsorption separation has been investigated by dynamic breakthrough tests at 297 K and 101.325. The equilibrium isotherm results showed that Mg-MOF-74 and 0.25 wt% MWCNT/MIL-100(Fe) (MMC2) have the highest CO 2 uptake in comparison to the other investigated composites. However, the interesting results obtained from breakthrough tests demonstrate that good improvements in the CO 2 adsorption uptake and breakthrough breakpoint over pristine Mg-MOF-74 have been accomplished by adding 1.5 wt% MWCNT to Mg-MOF-74. The improvements of CO 2 adsorption capacity and breakpoint were about 7.35 and 8.03%, respectively. Similarly, the CO 2 adsorption uptake and breakthrough breakpoint over pristine MIL-100(Fe) are obtained by 0.1 wt% MWCNT/MIL-100(Fe) (MMC1) with improvements of 12.02 and 9.21%, respectively.
doi:10.1007/s40095-018-0260-1 fatcat:lfs5b2vn2jc75ixk5rrf4dncum