preprint v2.pdf

Alvaro Taype-Rondan, Jessica Hanae Zafra-Tanaka
2020 Figshare  
To assess the association between two variables (exposure and outcome), clinical studies use the "effect size" of the exposure on the outcome. Studies can use different effect size measurements, being the most commonly used: prevalence ratio, risk ratio, odds ratio, hazard ratio, incidence rate ratio, risk difference or attributable risk, number needed to treat, mean differences, and the coefficient from lineal regression. In this article we will explain in a practical way how to read these
more » ... urements while considering confidence intervals and p values as part of statistical inference.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.12649466.v1 fatcat:eussbcdzgffl7pwfvyf4i6ve4i