Chronic Endothelin-1 Treatment Leads to Insulin Resistance In Vivo

J. J. Wilkes, A. Hevener, J. Olefsky
2003 Diabetes  
We determined whether chronic endothelin-1 (ET-1) treatment could lead to in vivo insulin resistance. Like insulin, ET-1 acutely stimulated glucose transport in isolated soleus muscle strips of WKY rats. ET-1 pretreatment (1 h) decreased insulin-stimulated glucose transport in muscle strips (؊23%). Both ET-1-mediated effects were generated through ET A receptors, because a specific ET A receptor antagonist (BQ610) blocked these effects of ET-1. Osmotic minipumps were used to treat normal rats
more » ... treat normal rats with ET-1 for 5 days. Subsequent hyperinsulinemic-euglycemic clamps showed that ET-1 treatment led to an ϳ30% decrease in insulin-stimulated glucose disposal rates in male and female rats. In addition, ex vivo study of soleus muscle strips showed decreased glucose transport into muscle from ET-1treated animals. With respect to insulin signaling, chronic in vivo ET-1 treatment led to a 30 -40% decrease in IRS-I protein content, IRS-I-associated p110 ␣ , and AKT activation. In summary, 1) in vitro ET-1 pretreatment leads to decreased insulin-stimulated glucose transport in skeletal muscle strips; 2) chronic ET-1 administration in vivo leads to whole-body insulin resistance, with decreased skeletal muscle glucose transport and impaired insulin signaling; and 3) elevated ET-1 levels may be a cause of insulin resistance in certain pathophysiologic states.
doi:10.2337/diabetes.52.8.1904 pmid:12882904 fatcat:z3k7g25v2nexzmgbuetf64bje4