Enhanced Flexible Pavement Performance Using Treated Compared to Untreated Aggregate Bases: A Comparative Case Study in the Southern United States

Mena I. Souliman, Hemant GC, Zabi Mohammed
2021 Infrastructures  
One of the important aspects of highway design is aggregates. Aggregates strength and consistency has an effect on pavement structure's overall performance. The consistency of the base material near the site of the construction doesn't always match the requirements of pavement construction and carrying quality aggregate raises the cost of construction. Stabilizing agents such as asphalt cement, lime, fly ash were used to improve the strength of these materials in order to make greater use of
more » ... ally available materials. Layer materials present in the pavements and the structure of them influence pavement performance. The compressive strain and the tensile strain in the layer of subgrade and asphalt layer respectively are influenced by the stiffness of the base layer. The important aspects causing rutting and fatigue cracking are compressive strain in the top region of the subgrade layer and tensile strain at the bottom of the asphalt layer, respectively. In this research study, field performance (cracking, rutting, and surface roughness) of pavement sections with untreated and treated bases were collated to assess the impact of the stabilizing agents. The treated sections performed well significantly compared to the untreated sections in terms of pavement surface roughness and fatigue cracking. The treated sections performed higher than the untreated sections in terms of the cumulative average values of all 3 distresses with fatigue cracking averaging 5 times lower than the untreated sections. The combined IRI and rutting of treated sections averaged about 1.5 times and 0.11 inches smaller, respectively than those of untreated sections.
doi:10.3390/infrastructures6080110 fatcat:u5buawsxsffbbcks654c5qr2aa