A UDP-GlcNAc : βGal β1-6 GlcNAc transferase involved in bloodstream form N-glycan and procyclic form GPI anchor elaboration in Trypanosoma brucei [article]

Samuel Martin Duncan, Rupa Nagar, Manuela Damerow, Dmitry V. Yashunsky, Benedetta Buzzi, Andrei V. Nikolaev, Michael A.J. Ferguson
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Trypanosoma brucei has large carbohydrate extensions on its N-linked glycans and glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) anchors in its bloodstream form (BSF) and procyclic form (PCF), respectively. The parasites glycoconjugate repertoire suggests at least 38 glycosyltransferase (GT) activities, 16 of which are unknown. Here, we probe the function(s) of a putative β3GT gene, TbGT10. The BSF null mutant is viable in vitro and in vivo and can differentiate into PCF, demonstrating non-essentiality.
more » ... ver, the absence of TbGT10 led to impaired elaboration of N-glycans and GPI anchor sidechains in BSF and PCF parasites, respectively. Glycosylation defects include reduced BSF glycoprotein binding to ricin and to monoclonal antibodies mAb139 and mAbCB1. The latter bind a carbohydrate epitope of lysosomal glycoprotein p67 that we show here, using synthetic glycans, consists of (-6Gal1-4GlcNAc1-)≥4 poly-N-acetyllactosamine repeats. Methylation linkage analysis of Pronase glycopeptides isolated from BSF wild-type and TbGT10 null parasites show a reduction in 6-O-substituted- and 3,6-di-O-substituted-Gal residues. Together, these data suggest that TbGT10 encodes a UDP-GlcNAc : βGal β1-6 GlcNAc-transferase active in both BSF and PCF life-cycle stages elaborating complex N-glycans and GPI sidechains, respectively. The β1-6 specificity of this β3GT gene product and its dual roles in N-glycan and GPI glycan elaboration are notable.
doi:10.1101/2021.06.21.449264 fatcat:bvpqazdaevfafk7ocdlpjjh2my