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Parallel driving is a novel framework to synthesize vehicle intelligence and transport automation. This article aims to define digital quadruplets in parallel driving. In the cyber-physical-social systems (CPSS), based on the ACP method, the names of the digital quadruplets are first given, which are descriptive, predictive, prescriptive and real vehicles. The objectives of the three virtual digital vehicles are interacting, guiding, simulating and improving with the real vehicles. Then, thearXiv:2007.14248v1 fatcat:dws52dyg4jhfxc7vlbw5dcabky