Per-Antenna Constant Envelope Precoding for Large Multi-User MIMO Systems

Saif Khan Mohammed, Erik G. Larsson
2013 IEEE Transactions on Communications  
We consider the multi-user MIMO broadcast channel with M single-antenna users and N transmit antennas under the constraint that each antenna emits signals having constant envelope (CE). The motivation for this is that CE signals facilitate the use of power-efficient RF power amplifiers. Analytical and numerical results show that, under certain mild conditions on the channel gains, for a fixed M , an array gain is achievable even under the stringent per-antenna CE constraint. Essentially, for a
more » ... ixed M , at sufficiently large N the total transmitted power can be reduced with increasing N while maintaining a fixed information rate to each user. Simulations for the i.i.d. Rayleigh fading channel show that the total transmit power can be reduced linearly with increasing N (i.e., an O(N ) array gain). We also propose a precoding scheme which finds near-optimal CE signals to be transmitted, and has O(M N ) complexity. Also, in terms of the total transmit power required to achieve a fixed desired information sum-rate, despite the stringent per-antenna CE constraint, the proposed CE precoding scheme performs close to the sum-capacity achieving scheme for an average-only total transmit power constrained channel. Index Terms-Multi-user, constant envelope, per-antenna, large MIMO, GBC.
doi:10.1109/tcomm.2013.012913.110827 fatcat:rhcrbnvbvnfbne32yafvd3pta4