Stochastic resonance in biological nonlinear evolution models

Jörn Dunkel, Stefan Hilbert, Lutz Schimansky-Geier, Peter Hänggi
2004 Physical Review E  
We investigate stochastic resonance in the nonlinear, one-dimensional Fisher-Eigen model (FEM), which represents an archetypal model for biological evolution based on a global coupling scheme. In doing so we consider different periodically driven fitness functions which govern the evolution of a biological phenotype population. For the case of a simple harmonic fitness function we are able to derive the exact analytic solution for the asymptotic probability density. A distinct feature of this
more » ... lution is a phase lag between the driving signal and the linear response of the system. Furthermore, for more complex systems a general perturbation theory (linear response approximation) is put forward. Using the latter approach, we investigate stochastic resonance in terms of the spectral amplification measure for a quadratic, a quartic single-peaked, and for a bistable fitness function. Our analytical results are also compared with those of detailed numerical simulations. Our findings vindicate that stochastic resonance does occur in these nonlinear, globally coupled biological systems.
doi:10.1103/physreve.69.056118 pmid:15244894 fatcat:tge5m7yp4ndvfb4ypcm3l474am