Unsupervised Learning for Depth, Ego-Motion, and Optical Flow Estimation Using Coupled Consistency Conditions

Ji-Hun Mun, Moongu Jeon, Byung-Geun Lee
2019 Sensors  
Herein, we propose an unsupervised learning architecture under coupled consistency conditions to estimate the depth, ego-motion, and optical flow. Previously invented learning techniques in computer vision adopted a large amount of the ground truth dataset for network training. A ground truth dataset, including depth and optical flow collected from the real world, requires tremendous effort in pre-processing due to the exposure to noise artifacts. In this paper, we propose a framework that
more » ... s networks while using a different type of data with combined losses that are derived from a coupled consistency structure. The core concept is composed of two parts. First, we compare the optical flows, which are estimated from both the depth plus ego-motion and flow estimation network. Subsequently, to prevent the effects of the artifacts of the occluded regions in the estimated optical flow, we compute flow local consistency along the forward–backward directions. Second, synthesis consistency enables the exploration of the geometric correlation between the spatial and temporal domains in a stereo video. We perform extensive experiments on the depth, ego-motion, and optical flow estimation on the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology and Toyota Technological Institute (KITTI) dataset. We verify that the flow local consistency loss improves the optical flow accuracy in terms of the occluded regions. Furthermore, we also show that the view-synthesis-based photometric loss enhances the depth and ego-motion accuracy via scene projection. The experimental results exhibit the competitive performance of the estimated depth and the optical flow; moreover, the induced ego-motion is comparable to that obtained from other unsupervised methods.
doi:10.3390/s19112459 fatcat:j6vfrfdbqrcdlerilxhjdbpkjq