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There have been significant increases in the labor supply of women in the last decades, both in developed and developing countries. Traditional views of this process interpret it as being caused by reduced fertility and increased wages for women in the labor market. This paper suggests that all these changes can be understood as part of a single process of demographic transition, triggered by reductions in mortality. Mortality reductions have important effects on the incentives of individualsdoi:10.1086/596102 fatcat:mnrqbakjqnbgrczkslrra4cdgu