Atrial Fibrillation during Cerebral Infarction in Brazzaville: Frequency and Predictive Factors

Stéphane Méo Ikama, Yann Luiz Ngouabi, Ghislain Mpandzou, Paul Macaire Ossou-Nguiet, Jospin Makani, Thibault Gankama, Christian Kouala-Landa, Louis Igor Ondze-Kafata, Bertrand Fikhaem Ellenga-Mbolla, Thierry Raoul Gombet, Suzy Gisèle Kimbally-Kaky
2019 World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases  
In order to contribute to the improvement of brain infarction management in Brazzaville, a cross-sectional and analytical study with prospective data collection was conducted in the cardiology and neurology departments of the Brazzaville University Hospital, from February 1 to July 31, 2018. It included patients hospitalized for cerebral infarction confirmed with imaging, and having done an etiological assessment with at least one electrocardiogram at rest and one of long duration. Among these
more » ... 38 patients included, 11 had atrial fibrillation, equaling a frequency of 7.9%. The mean age of AF patients was 71 ± 8.8 years. The cardiovascular risk factors found were hypertension in eight cases (72.7%), diabetes in five cases (45.5%), abdominal obesity in four cases (36.4%). AF was permanent in 10 cases (91%), and paroxysmal in one case (9%). It was valvular in three cases (27.3%) and non-valvular in eight cases (72.7%). The cardiopathy involved was hypertensive in seven cases (63.6%), ischemic and valvular in two cases each. The CHA2DS2-VASc score, calculated in eight patients, was an average of 2.2, and ≥2 in more than 80% of patients; HAS-BLED score of 2.4 on average was ≥ 3 in more than 72% of patients. Digoxin was prescribed in seven cases (63.6%) and an anti-vitamin K in eight cases (72.7%). In multivariate analysis, age (OR = 20.10, p = 0.023), arterial hypertension (OR = 23.82, p = 0.011), and dyslipidemia (OR = 2.03, p = 0.032) were the predictive factors found. AF is infrequent during brain infarction in Brazzaville. This systematic research raises the problem of age in our context.
doi:10.4236/wjcd.2019.912079 fatcat:poyh6ah7afhtdbglvwezok67ei