Flow control: new challenges for a new Renaissance

Thomas R. Bewley
2001 Progress in Aerospace Sciences  
As traditional scienti"c disciplines individually grow towards their maturity, many new opportunities for signi"cant advances lie at their intersection. For example, remarkable developments in control theory in the last few decades have considerably expanded the selection of available tools which may be applied to regulate physical and electrical systems. These techniques hold great promise for several applications in #uid mechanics, including the delay of transition and the regulation of
more » ... ence. Such applications of control theory require a very balanced perspective, in which one considers the relevant #ow physics when designing the control algorithms and, conversely, takes into account the requirements and limitations of control algorithms when designing both reduced-order #ow models and the #uid}mechanical systems to be controlled themselves. Such a balanced perspective is elusive, however, as both the research establishment in general and universities in particular are accustomed only to the dissemination and teaching of component technologies in isolated "elds. To advance, we must not toss substantial new interdisciplinary questions over the fence for fear of them being outside our areaa; rather, we must break down these very fences that limit us, and attack these challenging new questions with a Renaissance approach. In this spirit, this paper surveys a few recent attempts at bridging the gaps between the several scienti"c disciplines comprising the "eld of #ow control, in an attempt to clarify the author's perspective on how recent advances in these constituent disciplines "t together in a manner that opens up signi"cant new research opportunities. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. 0376-0421/01/$ -see front matter Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. PII: S 0 3 7 6 -0 4 2 1 ( 0 0 ) 0 0 0 1 6 -6
doi:10.1016/s0376-0421(00)00016-6 fatcat:qmbmbakfcbdrfce7kymhpttley